History

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama: SrI vAnAchala mahAmunayE nama:

temple-entranceThe temple in this dhivya dhEsam is famously known as AdhinAthar/AzhwAr dhEvasthAnam. This town is situated on the banks of the sacred thAmirabharaNi river. Our pUrvAchAryas explain that just like akAram (paramAthmA) and makAram (jIvAthmA) has equal importance in praNavam (OmkAram), here in this dhivya dhEsam, both perumAL and AzhwAr has equal importance. This dhivya dhEsam was originally known as thirukkurugUr. This is the avathAra sthalam (place of birth) for nammAzhwAr. After nammAzhwAr‘s birth, this dhivya dhEsam becomes to be famously known as AzhwAr thirunagari. This dhivya dhEsam is also part of navathiruppathi (9 temples around AzhwAr thirunagari which were sung by nammAzhwAr).

polindhuninrapiran - azhwarnammAzhwAr has performed mangaLAsAsanam (glorifications in pAsurams) to Adhi nAthan (mUlavar) and polindhu ninRa pirAn (uthsavar) of this dhivya dhEsam in his thiruvAimozhi. Glorifications of nammAzhwAr by various personalities – http://kaarimaaran.com/songs.html. nammAzhwAr’s 32 names displayed in thirukkurugUr (AzhwAr thirunagari) Temple. Tamil and English

In his first prabhandham itself (thiruviruththam), nammAzhwAr shows his divine attachment for varAha perumAL. In the 99th pAsuram, he declares that there is nothing more auspicious than gyAnappirAn (varAha perumAL) who rescued bhUmi pirAtti. Here in this dhivya dhEsam, there is a separate sannidhi for gyAnappirAn emperumAn with sannidhi garudAzhwAr.

gyAnappirAn - azhwarnammAzhwAr‘s love and attachment towards thiruvEnkatamudaiyAn (srInivAsa) is immeasurable. To reciprocate AzhwAr’s devotion, srInivAsan emperumAn descended himself in to 4 sannidhis (each in one direction).

 

srinivasar-thayar-azhwar

  • There is a thiruvEnkatamudaiyAn sannidhi inside the AdhinAthar/AzhwAr temple – in the east side.
  • There is a thiruvEnkatamudaiyAn sannidhi in the south mAda street (street around the temple) – in the south side.
  • There is a thiruvEnkatamudaiyAn sannidhi inside the bhavishyadhAchAryan sannidhi  – in the west side.
  • There is a thiruvEnkatamudaiyAn sannidhi in the north car street (main road) – in the north side.

During the life time of nammAzhwAr, madhurakavi AzhwAr was travelling in northern part of bhAratha dhEsam. Seeing the effulgence of nammAzhwAr in the form of a shining star from ayOdhyA (where he was residing), he visits AzhwAr thirunagari and meets nammAzhwAr who was staying in the thiruppuLi AzhwAr (tamarind tree) and becomes his sishya. madhurakavi AzhwAr compiles kaNNinuN chiRu thAmbu in glorification of nammAzhwAr and spreads the glories of nammAzhwAr far and wide. While nammAzhwAr was preparing to ascend to paramapadham, madhurakavi AzhwAr prays to nammAzhwAr to present him with an archA vigraham for his continuous worship. nammAzhwAr instructs madhurakavi AzhwAr to boil the water from thAmirabharaNi river and tells him that he will get an archA vigraham from that. When madhurakavi AzhwAr boils the water as instructed, he gets an archA vigraham with thridhaNdam (the three sticks carried by sannyAsis) and anjali hastham (hands held together in worshipping posture). madhurakavi AzhwAr being amazed by that, tells nammAzhwAr that he was expecting the archA vigraham with upadhEsa hastham (in a posture of giving instructions). nammAzhwAr tells madhurakavi AzhwAr that the vigraham arrived is the one of bhavishyadhAchAryan (the AchArya of future – srI rAmanuja) who will appear about 4000 years later who will uplift every one. He instructs madhurakavi AzhwAr to boil the water again and after madhurakavi AzhwAr doing so, he gets another vigraham which resembles nammAzhwAr. This archA vigraham was then established at the Adhi nAthan emperumAn’s temple. bhavishyadhAchAryan archA vigraham was buried under the divine tamarind tree safely to be revealed in the future at the appropriate time.

nammazhwar-madhurakavi-nathamuninammAzhwAr, madhurakavi AzhwAr, nAthamunigaL (picture from kAnchIpuram)

azhagiya maNavALa perumAL nAyanAr, in his AchArya hrudhayam chUrNIkai 161, explains the divine emotions of nammAzhwAr towards this emperumAn. He explains that emperumAn‘s parathvam (supremacy) is most beautifully revealed in this wonderful dhivya dhEsam which has equal importance for Adhi nAthan emperumAn and nammAzhwAr.

Subsequently, nAthamunigaL visits AzhwAr thirunagari, hearing about nammAzhwAr and his thiruvAimozhi. He meditates on nammAzhwAr and recites kaNNinuN chiRu thAmbu 12000 times. Being pleased with nAthamunigaL‘s dedication and devotion, nammAzhwAr appears in front of him and teaches him all the 4000 dhivya prabhandham and their meaning. nAthamunigaL subsequently establishes the temple worship, recital methodology, etc. He divides 4000 dhivya prabhandham in to 4 parts and adds music wherever appropriate. He also teaches dhivya prabhandham with music to many of his sishyas and establishes the arayar sEvai (the practice of singing dhivya prabhandham with cymbals and action).

After some time, emperumAnAr visits AzhwAr thirunagari and performs mangaLAsAsanam to polindhu ninRa pirAn emperumAn and nammAzhwAr. He also visits navathiruppathi dhivya dhEsams. There are nice incidents identified in relation to emperumAnAr‘s visit to AzhwAr thirunagari and other near by dhivya dhEsams. When emperumAnAr performs mangaLAsAsanam to nammAzhwAr, AzhwAr being greatly delighted by emperumAnAr‘s devotion, gives a divine order “Hereafter my thiruvadi (lotus feet) will be known as ‘srI rAmAnujam’ in AzhwAr thirunagari”. Usually his lotus feet is called “madhurakavigaL” every where. But in AzhwAr thirunagari alone, it is called as “srI rAmAnujam” following nammAzhwAr‘s own orders.

As time passed, islamic invaders attacked various dhivya dhEsams in the southern region. Fearing imminent attack, AzhwAr was carried to kEraLa region where namperumAL was also present (travelling for the same reasons to avoid the attackers in srIrangam). AzhwAr thirunagari becomes forested as people abandon the area after AzhwAr leaving the temple. thirumalai AzhwAr (thiruvAimozhi piLLai – srI sailEsar) who is a dear sishya of piLLai lOkAchAryar and was the minister in the kingdom ruling that region, puts in great effort in bringing AzhwAr back to AzhwAr thirunagari. He locates AzhwAr thirunagari, clears the forest, re-builds the temple back to its true glories and re-establishes the temple norms. He also locates the bhavishyadhAchAyan vigraham and establishes a separate temple for bhavishyadhAchAryan (emperumAnAr) in the western part of the town. thiruvAimozhi piLLai stays at AzhwAr thirunagari and constantly engages in serving nammAzhwAr and emperumAnAr for the rest of his life.

azhwar-ramanujar-plokacharyar-srisailesa-mamunigalnammAzhwAr, emperumAnAr, piLLai lOkAchAryar, thiruvAimozhi piLLai, mAmunigaL

maNavALa mAmunigaL takes birth in this dhivya dhEsam as the son of thirunAvIrudaiya pirAn thAtharaNNar. He then goes to his mAthula gruham (grand father’s house) at sikkil kidAram for his early studies. Hearing the glories of thiruvAimozhi piLLai, he returns to Azhwar thirunagari and becomes a sishya of thiruvAimozhi piLLai. thiruvAimozhi piLLai shows great attachment towards mAmunigaL (who is a re-incarnation of emperumAnAr himself) and instructs him to take care of bhavishyadhAchAryan sannidhi. mAmunigaL becomes to be famously known as yathIndhra pravaNar (one who is extremely devoted to srI rAmAnuja) subsequently. mAmunigaL serves his AchAryan until he ascends to paramapadhamand then leaves to srIrangam and subsequently accepts sannyAsam there.

Thus, this dhivya dhEsam is very unique that this is the birth place of nammAzhwAr, emperumAnAr (bhavishyadhAchAryan) and jIyar (mAmunigaL) – the three pillars of our sath sampradhAyam.

azhwar-emperumanar-jeeyarThere are many AchArya purushas who live and perform many kainkaryams in this dhivya dhEsam. Let us see the list of them:

 

Summary (From http://acharya.org/dd/k/atnagari.html)

AzhwAr  emperumAnAr jIyar thiruvadigaLE charaNam
jIyar thiruvadigaLE charaNam

pramEyam (goal) – http://koyil.org
pramANam (scriptures) – http://granthams.koyil.org
pramAthA (preceptors) – http://acharyas.koyil.org/
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal – http://pillai.koyil.org

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